Gellhorn: A Twentieth Century Life

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In the 1930s, the Spanish Civil War was a cause which inspired many idealistic young Americans to go and fight against Franco’s Nationalist regime. Martha was quite young but had published several pieces in well-known magazines. She was sent to Paris to work in the United Press bureau. After returning to America,she met Hemingway in 1936 and they agreed to go to Spain to cover the war for Collier’s Weekly.

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Collier’s Weekly with an article by Gellhorn

What she saw there had a great impact on the young Bryn Mawr graduate. Gellhorn later married Hemingway and they lived together off and on for four years but more important , she always seemed to be in the right place at just the right moment in history.

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She covered the rise of Hitler in Czechoslovakia in 1930 and was the only female journalist present at the Omaha Beach landing on D-Day.  Managing ot be among the first reporters at the liberation of the Dachau death camp in 1945, she saw things that affected her for the rest of her life.

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Gellhorn covered the Vietnam war for the Atlantic monthly in the 1960’s and 1970’s. She always focused on how ordinary people were affected by the war rather than on military advances or troop numbers. She visited orphanages and hospitals and talked to people on the street. This gave her articles a very personal and unique touch.

 

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Active into her 80’s, she covered war in Central America and kept writing and traveling. I was amazed that she traveled to Brazil to write about the murder of street children when she was 85 years old. I believe she was a strong and independent woman and I came away from this book with a deep admiration for her.

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Homestead

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I have often listened to Pete Seeger sing about the bloody strike at the Homestead, Pennsylvania Steel works in 1892 when the owners called in Pinkertons to put down the strikers, but I never knew all the details. Andrew Carnegie left everything up to  director Henry Clay Frick who ordered Pinkertons to come up the Monongahela river in barges and forcibly disburse the strikers. Nine workers and 7 Pinkertons were killed when both sides opened fire.

Henry Clay Frick

Henry Clay Frick

This history tells the story from the building of the town of Homestead to the dissolution of the Homestead steel works in 1986. Production was at a peak during WWII when U.S. Steel made armored plate for battleships and tanks, at which time the company employed over 15,000 people. Steel girders made there were used in the Empire State Building, the Gateway Arch in St. Louis and the Sears Tower in Chicago.

Workers at HOmestead around 1892

Workers at HOmestead around 1892

William Serrin, a journalist for New York TImes, visited Homestead during many turning points and met many of the people who still remember the steel works in its heyday. He has written a very engrossing history of the plant, the men who started it and the workers who are really the main players! errin gives the story a personal touch by delving into the home life of several workers and tells us how they coped when the works were shut down without notice. A great read!

Jack London: An American Life

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by  Earle Labor

I thoroughly enjoyed this biography of a rough and tumble young man who made his own way in the world, travelling widely and using all his adventures to create his novels and short stories! From being an oyster pirate in Oakland to signing on as cabin boy on a sealing ship which took him to Yokohama at the age of seventeen, he was always up for any new experience. Off to try his hand at prospecting in the Yukon, he came back empty handed except for a wealth of stories to tell.

London in Yokohama, 1093

London in Yokohama, 1093

I was interested to learn about his life and especially his voyage to Hawaii, Samoa and the Solomon islands on a small sloop with a motley crew and his “game-for-anything” second wife Charmian Kittredge. They had some narrow escapes and suffered from malaria, open sores and other tropical ailments.

Jack with Charmian

Jack with Charmian

Jack London was also an occasional journalist who reported on the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, the Mexican Revolution in 1910 and the heavyweight championship fight between Jack Johnson and James J. Jeffries.

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Reporting on the Russo-Japanese War, Korea,1904

 

I visited Jack London’s ranch or the small cabin they had lived in north of San Francisco. He was very proud of the ranch where he applied natural farming methods, raising vegetables, pigs and cows. He and Charmian were building a beautiful home overlooking the sea. It mysteriously burned to the ground just before completion.

Jack London, author of Call of the  Wild and White Fang

Jack London, author of Call of the Wild and White Fang

Now that I know more of London’s life, I look forward to reading The Sea Wolf, a lovely edition my brother gave me some years back. I would recommend this fast-moving life story of a man who lived life boldly and fearlessly and worked very hard writing about it!

I Made It!! (75 books in 2014!)

I read five books in two weeks to catch up and just barely made it to my goal for 2014…75 books read.

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To be honest, I chose some light reading towards the end,reading three mysteries that Santa brought! But I enjoyed it for a change!

The more serious books include The River of Doubt by Candice Millard, a fast-paced and exciting account of Theodore Roosevelt’s exploratory expedition to map the uncharted River of Doubt in the Amazon jungle. A great book! I felt like I was travelling along with them as they carried their boats through the thick jungle, encountering fierce natives, poisonous snakes and mutinous crew members. It was amazing to read how they took their boats over the steep falls.NOt everyone made it back. A thrilling adventure!

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It took a little more effort to get into the story of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, assassinated in Sarajevo in 1914, setting off events that led to World War I. The Assassination of the  Archduke by Greg King and Sue Woolmans tells the story of Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophia who died along with him. I thought the authors might be distantly related to the family because they had only praise for the Archduke and  Sophia. They did not provide an objective view and were too lavish in their praise for Sophia. She comes off as a saint!

The book goes on to tell the story of the three surviving children and their lives in Nazi Germany. It was ironic that they were not considered Hapsburgs during their parent’s life but were persecuted as beings such during the Nazi rule.

All in all, I enjoyed finding out the circumstances of this incident that changed history. I would recommend it if you are a history buff.

These are the mysteries I read:

Murphy'sI enjoyed these stories too! Sandra Brown’s book Best Kept Secrets,  was disappointing as it turned out to be a rather graphic romance novel instead of a detective story!

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Rush to the Finish Line!

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We began setting reading goals each year when my daughter used to come home for Christmas. We’d gather in the upstairs kotatsu for coffee every evening about 9:00 and  discuss the best books we’d read in the year. This began when she was in high school and continued through college. We decided to each set a goal for how many books we intended to read in the coming year.

For the last ten fifteen years or so, I wrote down the title, author and genre of each book, with maybe a few comments on a book i really liked. It definitely motivated me to read more! Now Goodreads keeps track of what I am currently reading and how close I am to my goal. My challenge for 2014 was to read 75 books! A little ambitious, huh?

I am on #68 but, with only three weeks left till New Years, I don’t think I’m gonna reach my goal. I have read a lot of good books this year though so I guess it is a win-win challenge anyway!

I didn’t have time to blog about what I read the last month so I’ll just catch up with a few quick notes!

Eighty Days:

Nellie Bly and Elizabeth Bisland’s History Making Race Around the World

Almost as exciting as Jules Verne himself, the spunky reporter for The World, Nellie Bly set off from New York on a ship to England. Suffering from seasickness the first few days,Nellie soon recovered and made the amazing trip in just 75 days! A monthly magazine that had heard of the challenge, immediately sent free lance writer, Elizabeth Bisland off to circle the globe in the opposite direction, hoping she could beat Nellie and sell more copies at the same time!

This is a fast-moving and readable story.

Life and Death in Shanghai     by Nien Cheng

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I read this book about 30 years ago and bought it again. I know that the author was a Christian and worked for an American oil company in Shanghai before being imprisoned during the cCultural Revolution of 1967.

The rampant Red Guards invaded her home, smashing priceless Ming ceramics, burning antique scrolls and destroying everything in her home. She was taken to a detention center and continually interrogated, urged to confess to  crimes she didn’t commit. Most people broke down and denounced others to gain leniency. But Nien Cheng didn’t give in, even when tortured, even when she became very ill.

It is an amazing story of human endurance in the face of persecution. I enjoyed reading it this time as much as I did the first time!

The Cabinet of Curiosities          by Douglas Preston and Lincoln Child

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Took a break to re-read a mystery from my favorite detective writers, Lincoln Child and Douglas Preston! This on is particularly creepy and a great read!!

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Nobody Nowhere  by  Donna Williams

The story of a childhood she later pieced together, an inspiring tale of a young autistic woman who managed to overcome her limitations and create a life for herself in spite of an abusive mother and absent father!

The Senator’s Wife                      By Sue Miller

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Another fiction break! I got this for a dollar at the Largo  Library bookstore some years ago and finally took it to bed on a cold night! It was engrossing and kept me up till the wee hours! Good read!

Heart in the Right Place   by Carolyn Jourdan

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Now this was a book I really enjoyed. I guess it is light reading. All true and a very heartwarming story of what happens when a high-powered lawyer form New York returns to her Tennessee rural home to help her father in his small clinic. The colorful characters are quite entertaining and we can’t wait to see what Carolyn will decide in the end! Definitely recommended!

The Lincoln Letter  by   William Martin

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Tracking down a diary that had belonged to Lincoln is the dream of any historian. Taking place in 1864 and the present,  this fast-moving story is simply entertainment. Picked this one up at the Media PA library sale this October!

and yet another mystery!!…

Gone Girl          by Gillian Flynn

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Aunt Annie recommended this,or was reading it when I visited Philly. Have you seen the movie yet? It is a story that keeps us guessing till the end…and surprises us after all!

And just so you won’t think I’ve gone soft with my reading..

A Severe Mercy       by Sheldon Vanauken

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This book contain many heretofore unpublished letters by C. S. Lewis, ANd no wonder as the writer got to know the famous man when he studied at Cambridge. This is a deeply touching story that wery well parallels Lewis’ own tragic love story we can read about in Surprised by Joy. Vanauken’s unique relationship with his wife, the tale of how, both agnostics, they find Christ. An important book about love and loss and what it means to follow Him.

Well, I may not make my 75 book goal but I did read some great books! Nien Cheng, Vanauken, and Carolyn Jourdan in particular!!

Books I Read on Vacation

What is the What                 by Dave Eggers

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This memoir of a young boy’s escape from war torn Sudan to a refuge camp in Kenya and eventually to America, is classified as fiction because he was too  young to remember accurately all that happened when his village was razed and he lost friends and family. The tale of Valentino Achak Deng is a true story of one of the Lost Boys of Sudan.  It is told in a  matter-of fact manner yet holds the readers full attention.

I was impressed with Achak’s positive attitude in the faceof such suffering. He retains his faith in God in spite of all the bad things that do happen even after he reaches the “safety” if America. I would recommend this book.

The All-Girl Filling Station’s Last Reunion        by Fannie Flagg

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I picked this up at the airport for an easy read. It is entertaining as we’d expect of Flagg.

The Book Thief      by Markus Zusak

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Annie recommended this book, and so, though I seldom read novels, I settled in and took it to bed with me on several consecutive nights. It was a good companion! Set in a Small German town during the 1930s and 1940s, the story of foster child taken in by a kind-hearted middle-aged couple, this is the story of a young girl coming of age, learning to love books, art and people, only to see the uglier side of life unfold around her too.

Yet something lovely remains in my mind after reading it… something beautiful  in the human spirit that cannot be vanquished be tyrants and bombs. A very good read.

The Joy Luck Club      by Amy Tan

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I reread this best of Amy Tan’s novels after finding it on the dollar cart at a used bookstore. It is so telling about how many women lead their lives, often trying to compensate for some imagined insufficiency. I suppose I identify with this mother-daughter saga as I also live between two cultures that have such different values. Values that we tryt o measure ourselves against or live up to. A truly great book!

The Dressmaker of Khair Khana                      by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon

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Finally I found this memoir of young sisters forced to put their education on hold and be shut up in the family home when the Taliban takes control of their area of Afghanistan. Kalima Sidiqi has to step up and find a way to support her family in a society where women are not allowed to work or to even leave the house without  a younger brother or close male relative as a chaperon.

Not only does she learn to sew, to negotiate prices and carry on a business, but she is able to teach and  employ many other girls, providing desperately-needed income for many families. A brave and true story.

A House in the Sky

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by Amanda Lindhout and Sara Corbett

Captured by rebels in Somalia and held for ransom,freelance journalist Amanda Lindhout survived 460 days in captivity, part of the time in utter darkness. I don’t want to give away details that would detract from the impact this book has on the reader. I really couldn’t set it aside.

Amanda kept sane by escaping in her mind to a “house in the sky” where she relived all her beautiful memories and “met” with her family. It is amazing how positive she could be and that she survived such an ordeal.  With the shocking and sad news of journalist Steve Sotloff’s execution at the hands of his captors so fresh in our minds, this story seems very relevant today. We can gain insight into how it is for the family of the captive desperately negotiating for the release of their child with little cooperation form their government.

Amanda Lindhout, survivor!

Amanda Lindhout, survivor!

Lindhout has since formed an organization, the Global Enrichment Foundation, to help educate young people in Africa. I think you should read this book!

The Path Between the Seas

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by David McCullough

It was fascinating to read of all the false starts, disease, and natural disasters that turned this project into a debacle for the French, who after much effort and a great deal of corruption, sold their rights to the Americans. Did you know that it was almost the Nicaraguan Canal instead of the Panama Canal.

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As always, David McCullough pulls us into the narrative and writes about all the colorful characters involved in this historical event! The most colorful of all, Theodore Roosevelt, could be said to be the man who finally made it happen, but many others worked bravely and battled the intense heat and prevalent disease to build this great man-made waterway that did connect two oceans!

Teddy builds the canal?!

Teddy builds the canal?!

The French obtained the rights to dig the canal from the Colombian government and began excavation in 1881 under the direction of Ferdinand de Lesseps, the man who built the Suez Canal. However, they were plagued with seasonal floods and mudslides, which caused major setbacks. The biggest problem was tropical disease such as malaria and yellow fever, it the cause of which was not known at the time. Thousands of workers and engineers died before the connection between mosquitoes and these maladies was proven.

In the end, scandal and corruption led to the collapse of the French canal company, La Société internationale du Canal interocéanique. A second company also failed and the land and equipment sold to the U.S. government for 40 million dollars in 1904.

One man who stood out as an unsung hero was Army doctor WIlliam C. Gorgas who had worked in Havana to eradicate yellow fever after the Spanish AMerican War. In Panama, Gorgas got little cooperation and received much scorn before he was vindicated in his idea that yellow fever was carried by a certain strain of mosquito.

Dr. William C. Gorgas

Dr. William C. Gorgas

“As chief sanitary officer on the canal project, Gorgas implemented far-reaching sanitary programs including the draining of ponds and swamps, fumigation, mosquito netting, and public water systems. These measures were instrumental in permitting the construction of the Panama Canal, as they significantly prevented illness due to yellow fever and malaria (which had also been shown to be transmitted by mosquitoes in 1898) among the thousands of workers involved in the building project.”( “Contagion, Tropical Diseases and the Construction of the Panama Canal, 1904-1914”. Harvard University.)

The canal was opened in 1914, but not before a revolt was provoked and Panama was declared independent from Colombia, allowing  American control of the canal.

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If you are interested ind the technical side of the project, look to Wikipedia to read about the system of dams and locks that allowed the water level to be raised and lowered and for ships to pass through. The digging of the Culebra cut through the continental divide (110 meters high, solid rock!) was an amazing task in itself!

A comprehensive history and entertaining tale!

The Black Count

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by Tom Weiss

A well-written account of the life of Alexandre Dumas, the father of the author by the same name. Born on the sugar cane plantation of Saint-Domingue, then a French colony, Alexander was the son of a French Marquis and a black slave . His siblings were sold into slavery and Alex himself was sold to pay his father’s passage back to France, but later redeemed.

He stood 6’3″ and made an impressive figure when he joined the French army, eventually becoming a highly- decorated general. After he suffered much in the Sudan, he attempted to return to his wife in France, but was captured and spent two years in a dungeon-like prison in Italy. Finally released and in ill health, Dumas was reunited with his family. His wife gave birth to a son, the novelist Alexander Dumas who eventually used many of his father’s experiences in writing The Coount of Monte Cristo.

Documents and letters that remain show that he was a fair and even kind superior officer well-liked by those who served under him. Unfortunately, he made several enemies who stripped him of his military pension. Dumas died in poverty in his village of Villers-Cotterets in 1806.

During the French revolution, equality and opportunity were  extended to men of color like Dumas. Unfortunately, under Napoleon, new exclusive laws were put into effect. Perhaps this is one reason, Dumas died ignominiously and few people know of this great soldier and military leader.

Empty Mansions

by Bill Dedman and Paul Clark Newell, Jr

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Why would a lonely rich woman who owns several elegant estates opt to live the last 20 years of her life in a bleak hospital room although she wasn’t even  ill? The authors set out to make this mystery clear and end up telling the epic story of the Clark family, how a great fortune was made in the copper mines of Montana and later given away.

Huguette Clark as a young woman

Huguette Clark as a young woman

I found the life story of Huguette Clark fascinating reading! Though a recluse, Huguette was an expert on Japanese culture history, architecture, theater and costumes. She had many detailed replicas built of famous buildings in Japan, She collected over 1500 antique and valuable dolls: French, American and Japanese.

She collected art, an interest inherited by her father who endowed the Corcoran Museum in Washington, D.C., originally  most of which came from his private collection. Huguette also painted many works herself.

Huguette herself painted this  geisha paying special attention to details in the fabric

Huguette herself painted this geisha paying special attention to details in the fabric

Huguette CLark was a very generous person and over the years she gave away most of the money she inherited, often to people she had never met. She continued to pay a generous pension to her chauffeur’s widow for her lifetime.

Bellosguardo in Santa Barbara was empty  but maintained "in original condition" by the staff for 50-odd years

Bellosguardo in Santa Barbara was empty but maintained “in original condition” by the staff for 50-odd years

Was she held prisoner and blackmailed by her doctors in the end? Did her private nurse, Hadassah Peri, take advantage of her? Why was she forced to sell her Stradivarius “La Pucelle,” and what mysteriously happened to a $10 million Degas painting? This story reads like a great mystery that we want to get to the bottom of! An intriguing story that will keep you spellbound!